Effect of tillage system and spacing on growth and yield of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), Kassala State, Sudan

  • Moawia A. Mustafa Agricultural Research Corporation, Kassala, Sudan
  • Sheikh El Din A. EL- Awad Agricultural Research Corporation,Wad Medani, Sudan
  • Elwaleed M.H. Basheir Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, Wad Medani,Sudan.
  • Abbas M.A. Mustafa Agricultural Research Corporation,Wad Medani, Sudan


Field experiments were conducted during 2011- 2013 in Kassala Agricultural Research Station to study the effect of different tillage operations, inter and intra-row spacing, on growth and yield of sugar beet. The experimental design was a split-split-plot design, with three replicates. The treatments used were tillage system (ploughing and harrowing) as the main plot , row spacing (60, 80 and 100 cm) as the sub-plot and intra-row spacing  (10, 20 and 30 cm) as the sub-sub-plot. Statistical analysis revealed  no significant difference between tillage operations on soil clod size distribution. The treatments disc harrow, inter-row spacing of 60cm, intra-row of 20 cm had highly significant (P≤0.001) effect on yield in both seasons. Based on the results of this study, it is recommended to use disc harrow for land preparation and plant sugar beet at an inter and intra- row spacing of 60 and 20 cm.



Abdelhadi. A.W., A.E. Basim, A.E. Mohamed and R. Iman. 2008. Water requirement of sugar beet under Gezira condition. A paper submitted for 44 Crop Husbandry Committee Meeting, ARC, Sudan.
Ahmed, I.H. 2003. Final report in sugar beet trial. Sudan Gezira Scheme, Department of Development and Investment.
Blake, G. R., C.A. Blake, D.P. Evans, J.I. While, L. E. Ensminger and F.E. Clark. 1965. Bulk Density. In methods of soil analysis part1. Physical and mineralogical properties including statistics of measurements and sample. Agronomy Journal 9 : 374-396.
FAO. 2011. FAOSTAT online database, available at link http://faostat.fao org/. Accessed on December 2011.
Gomez, K.A. and A.A. Gomez. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. Wiley-Inter Science Publication, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, USA.
Iqbal, M., A.U. Hassan, A. Ali and M. Rizwanullah. 2005. Residual effect of tillage and farm manure on some soil physical properties and growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). International Journal of Agricultural Biology 7: 54-57.
Jabro, J.D., W.B. Stevens, W.M. Iversen and R.G. Evans. 2010. Tillage depth effects on soil physical properties, sugar beet yield and sugar beet quality. Comm. Soil Sci. Plant Annals 41: 908-916.
Jafari, A., S.S. Mohtasebi, H.E. Jahromi and M. Omid. 2006. Weed detection in sugar beet fields using machine vision. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 8: 602-605.
Khurshid, K., M. Iqbal, M.S. Arif and A. Nawaz. 2006. Effect of tillage and mulch on soil physical properties and growth of maize. Journal of Agricultural and Biology 8: 593- 596.
Larney, F.J., R.A. Fortune, and J.F. Collins.1988. Intrinsic soil physical parameters influencing intensity of cultivation procedures for sugar beet seedbed preparation. Soil and Tillage Research 12: 253-267.
Majid, R. 2011. Responses of root yield and yield component of Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) to different tillage methods. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 6 (8): 7-12.
Michael, A.M. 1978. Irrigation: Theory and Practices (1st ed) .Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi, India.
Rashidi, M. and B.G. Khabbaz. 2009. Response of crop yield and yield components of tomato to different tillage methods in the arid lands of Varamin, Iran. In: Proceedings of Biennial Conference of the Australian Society for Engineering in Agriculture (SEAg). September 13-16, Brisbane, Australia.
Romaneckas, K., R. Romaneckiene and E. Sarauskis. 2006. The effect of primary soil tillage methods on sugar beet growth on a light loam luvisol. Zemdirbyste/ Agriculture 93: 81-87.
Sharma, P.K.; S.K. De Atta and E.A. Redulla.1988. Tillage effect on soil physical properties and wet land rice yield. Agronomy Journal 80: 34-39.
Skaggs, R.W., D.E. Miller and R.A. Brooks. 1980. Soil water properties in Design and operation of farm irrigation system. American Society of Agricultural Engineers 77-123.
Wolter, E. and O. Leo. 2010 Tropical Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) Potential of Tropical Sugar Beet for Bio-ethanol Production Prepared by FACT Foundation Project No: 146/ww/001 Translation and editing: Ywe Jan Franken.
How to Cite
MUSTAFA, Moawia A. et al. Effect of tillage system and spacing on growth and yield of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), Kassala State, Sudan. Gezira Journal of Agricultural Science, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 2, dec. 2019. ISSN 1728-9556. Available at: <http://journals.uofg.edu.sd/index.php/gjas/article/view/1379>. Date accessed: 01 oct. 2020.