The nutritive value and antinutritional factors in mesquite (Prosopis chilensis L.) leaves

Mohmed Elamin Elimam, Safa Mohmed Gamar, Asim Abdelrazik Ali Lutfi, Salah Ahmed Ali Elhassin

Abstract


Mesquite (Prosopis chilensis L.) is a leguminous browse tolerant to harsh environments and was introduced into the Sudan in afforestation programmes and as animal feed (Elamin, 1990). It is now widely distributed in central, eastern and western regions of the Sudan (Elamin, 1990) and is a hazard in irrigated schemes. Pods and leaves have high CP (Ibrahim and Gaili, 1983; Elimam and Babiker, 2000). Pods are highly palatable and leaves are generally unpalatable except P. sprigera (Abdelgabar, 1986) and dried leaves are partially palatable. Enhancing leaves consumption provides a valuable animal feed and is an effective tool for controlling mesquite. However, there is no available information on improving mesquite leaves palatability. Consequently, the effects of drying, boiling and pods syrup addition on mesquite leaves nutritive value, condensed tannins, alkaloids, palatability and degradation in the rumen of goats were studied.

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