Economics of garlic production in the Northern State

Hag Hamad A. Mohamed El Ameen, Emad El Deen M. Ali


This study was conducted to evaluate the main factors affecting garlic productivity, to analyze the profitability of two varieties of garlic (local and Chinese) and to draw some policy implications for improving garlic productivity in the Northern State. The study used cross sectional data in the agricultural season 2003/04. The survey results indicated that farmers prefered growing the Chinese variety due to its high return but still the number of farmers growing it was less compared to the local variety (ratio 7:13) and the main reasons were the high price of Chinese variety seeds and lack of knowledge about its cultural practices. The analysis of cost of production showed that seeds cost amounted to 28.3% of the total cost of production followed by land rent (17%), irrigation (16.3%), harvesting (11.7%), weeding, (10.7%), fertilizer (5%), Zakat (4.7%), land preparation (3.3%) and planting (3%).The results of the multiple regression analysis revealed that fertilizers, seed rate and weeding were the most important factors affecting garlic productivity in the study area. The budget analysis showed that the two varieties of garlic grown were profitable and the Chinese variety was more profitable than the local variety. For improving productivity, the study recommended the supply of fertilizers, seeds and herbicides at the appropriate time and reasonable prices in addition to the adoption of improved cultural practices through extension services.

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