Shorani sheep phenotype, husbandry and performance in Elabassia Tagali area in the Nuba Mountains, South Kordofan State, Sudan

Mohmed E. Elimam, Mohmed A. B. Gibreel

Abstract


Sheep production is very important in the Sudan. Live sheep and meat exports increased greatly in the country due to prime quality and the animals depend mainly on natural pastures with no growth promoters or feed additives that endanger livestock and human health.

The wide range of environments increased the types of sheep in the Sudan and different methods are used for their classification. Mason and Maule (1960) classified sheep according to tail type and Devendra and Mc Leroy (1982) classified them according to tail length: height at withers and according to ecotypes. They used the term ecotype as sheep were not considered   improved in the Sudan to be breeds according to western standards. They classified Sudan sheep into five main ecotypes and three fused ones. The ecotypes were associated with tribes and their boundaries. Desert sheep is the main ecotype, with many subtypes, and is preferred in local markets and for export. Consequently, Desert sheep blood is increasing in other ecotypes. According to Devendra and Mc Leroy (1982), the Nilotic ecotype is found mainly in the Republic of South Sudan, contact areas between north and south and in Nuba Mountains. Shorani sheep is found in the Nuba Mountains and is considered a cross between Desert (mainly Shanabla sheep) and Nilotic sheep. However, it is not mentioned by Devendra and Mc Leroy (1982) and there is no available information on its phenotypes, husbandry, performance and carcass characteristics. Consequently, this study was conducted to provide information about Shorani sheep in Elabassia Tagali area in the Nuba Mountains.

 


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