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Author Guidelines

    Gezira Journal of Agricultural Science is a refereed scientific journal that aims at publishing articles, critiques and scientific and technical findings in all fields of agriculture.  Manuscripts submitted for publication should not be published or submitted for publication elsewhere. The journal accepts original  papers, short communications, letters to editors,  reviews of books,  research and  reports.  Articles should be written in Arabic or English with the abstract written in both languages. The manuscript should be submitted in three type-written copies (size A4 paper) in accordance with the prescribed format.

Article content

    The article must include, in the following order:  a title, an abstract, an introduction, materials and methods or alternatively research methodology and methods, results and discussion, references, in addition to nomenclature if relevant.


    The title should be concise and reflect the article contents.  It should be followed by the author(s)  name(s) and the address for correspondence. Author(s) name(s) should be written in full with their names listed in order of their contributory role.


    The abstract should be presented in a separate  page.  It must contain all the components of the article in not more than 350 words.  Abbreviations and references to diagrams  or equations inside the main body of the article are not permissible.

Keywords of up to six can be presented at the end of the abstract.


     The introduction must contain an appreciable and concise amount of information concerning the subject of the article, its background, the problem to be tackled and the objectives of the research.  These should be based on logic and methodology according to recent scientific references.  At the end of the introduction the justification and objectives of the research are stated.

Materials, and Methods or Methodology

    The materials used and the methods or methodology followed in the research should be written in the past passive tense. All the methodological procedures must be explained and full information of the design and other tools for conducting the research must be clearly explained.  Full description of the procedures followed  and references will help other researchers to repeat the research. Data and statistical analysis, if any, should be explained.


     Results are written in the past passive tense.  Numerical results can be presented  in tables and figures.  Full description and interpretation of the tables and figures should be presented without repeating unnecessary data. 


      Discussion should be based on the results obtained compared to the objectives of the research and the literature reviewed . Discussion should judge, estimate and assess the scientific value and the practical significance of the results in association to previous findings and the objective of the research. It may be pooled with results or presented under a separate  section .

Conclusion and recommendations

      The conclusion and recommendations deal with the most important results and recommendations found by the author(s). They should be explicit and appropriate to the research results and allow deductions that lead to suggestions of avenues for new research proposals or the application of the findings of the current  research work.


     References cited should be related to the research subject. All references in the text should appear in the reference list in italics.  They should be arranged alphabetically by senior author and the examples of reference listing format given below should be followed:

Articles in a journal 

Yousif, L.A. 2016. Mathematical models to predict repair and                                 maintenance for 2WD tractors in the mechanized rainfed areas,

       Eastern Sudan. Gezira Journal of Agricultural Science 14(1): 1-17.

Pray, C.E., J. Huang and S. Rozelle. 2002.  Five years of Bt cotton in    

       China: The benefits continue.  The Plant Journal 31:423-430.

Abdel Wahab, D. M. 2009.  Effects of differential irrigation practices on

       yield of sugarcane at Kenana Sugar Scheme, Sudan.

       Arcsudan. Sd/arc/conferences/meeting 44/pdf/5.pdf


     Barnum, S.R.2005. Biotechnology, 2nd edn. Brooks-Cole, Belmont, CA, USA.

Guides, handbooks, manuals and reports

Overholt, W.A., K.V.N. Maes and F.R. Goebel. 2001. Field Guide to

      Stemborer Larvae of Maize, Sorghum and Sugarcane in Eastern and

      Southern Africa. ICIPE Science Press, Nairobi, Kenya.

Chapters in a book

Frank, F.J., I.G. Christen and I.B. Bullerman. 2000.Tests for groups of

      microorganisms, pp. 271 – 286. In: R.T. Marshal (ed.).  Standard

      Methods for the Examination of Dairy Products, 17th  edn.  American

      Public Health Association, Washington, D.C., USA.

Unpublished theses and dissertations

 Adam, A.M. 2008. Reduction of Harvest Losses in Mango (Mangifera

       indica L.) Fruit Using Improved Harvesting Methods. M.Sc. Thesis. 

       The National Institute for the Promotion of Horticultural Exports,

       University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan.


Seiler, G., J.C. Jan and T.J. Guluy. 2008.  Use of Helianthus species in

        sunflower breeding, pp. 71-76.In: Proceedings of the International

        Conference on Conventional  and Molecular Breeding of Field and

        Vegetable Crops, 24-27 November, 2008, Novisad, Serbia.

Views expressed in the articles are those of the authors, and the responsibility of their contents rests  exclusively on the author(s). 

The journal bears no such responsibility what so ever.