Knowledge and Belief

  • Zakaria Bashir Imam Professor at University of Juba

Abstract

لايوجد

References

Notes and References
We are referring here to the works of the famous Islamic philosophers, e.g. al-kindi, al-Farabi, ibn Sina, al-Ghazali, Ibn Rushd, and Ibn Tufail. What characteizes these philosophers and subsumes them under one list is the fact that they were greatly influenced by Greek philosophy, especially Plato, Aristotle and Platonus.
1. Holy Qur'an : The Cow (2 :146)
2. Holy Qur'an : The Cow (2 :259)
3. Holy Qur'an : The Exile (59:2)
4. Holy Qur'an : Fusilat (The Expounded verses) (41 : 53)
5. The Holy Qur'an : Al- Anbiya' (The Prophets): (21:7)
6. The Holy Qur'an : The Cow (2:111)
7. Dr. Ahmad Subhi (Fi'Ilm al-Kalam, Part 1, Al-Mu'tazilah, Page 205), Dar al- Nahdah al- Arabiya, Beirut, 1985.
8. Dr. Ahmad Subhi, Previous reference, p.274, see also Richard Frank : The Metaphysics of Created Being, p. 45-53.
- Also vide
- Al-Asfarayyni : at-Tabsyr fi adDin.
- Al-Baghdadi : al-Farg bayn al-Firag
- Al-Baghdadi : Asul al-Din, page 71.
- ash-Shahristani : Nihayat al-Aqdam, p. 33
- Zuhdi Jar Allah : Al-Mu'tazilah, page 57.
- Al-Boyer Nasri : Falsafta al-Mu'tazilah, Part 2.
9. Al-Farabi : (Kitab al-Burhan, edited by Dr. Majid Fakhri, page 24 Dar al Mushriq), Beirut.
10. Al-Farabi : "Kitab al-Burham" edited by Majid Fakhri, page, 21, Dar-Al-Mushriq, Beirut.
11. Al-Farabi, Same references, page 22.
12. Al-Farabi : Risalah fi al-'Aql, page 14.
13. For references on al-Farabi's theory of knowledge, the following works can be consulted:
- Al-Farabi : Kitab ahl al-Madinah al-Fadilah
- Al-Farabi : Risalah fi al-'Aql
- Al-Farabi : At-Ta'liqat
- Al-Farabi : Fusus al-Hikum
- Ga'ffar Al-Yasin (Ph.D): (Al-Kindi wa al-Farabi), Dar AL-Andalus, Beirut, 1983.
- Muhmoud Qasim: (Fi al-'Aql wa an-Nafs), Cairo, 1952.
- Majid Fakhri:
i) A History of Islamic Philosophy (Al-Farabi, and Edition), Longman, London 1983.
ii) Dirasat fi al-Fikr al-'Arabi, Dar an-Nahar, Beirut
- Ibrahim Madkur Fi al-Falsafah al-Islamiya : Manhaq wa Tatbiq (Two Volumes), Cairo.
14. References on ibn Sina are as follows:
i) "ash-Shifa, Kitab an-Nafs
ii) an-Najat, edited by Dr. Majid Fakhri, Dar-al-Afaq ajJadidah, Beirut, 1985, pp. 203 ff.
iii) al-Isharat wa at-Tanbihat, edited by Dr. Sulayman Dinyyah, Cairo, especially the last three chapters of Part III. Also on ibn Sina, vide.
iv) Majid Fakhri, A History of Islamic Philosophy (ibn Sina) pp. 128 ff.
v) Ja'ffar Al-Yasin (Ph.D.): (ibn Sina, 'Alim wa faylasuf), Dar al-Andalus, Beirut 1986.
15. Al-Ghazali : 'Al-Mustasfa' min Usul al-Figh, Vol. 1, page 26. Dar al-Kutub al 'lomiyah, Beirut, (1322 A.H.)
16. Al-Ghazali : Same reference as above. Page 26.
17. Ibid, page 27.
18. Al-Ghazali : Al-Munqidh min ad-Dalal,
19. This fallacy is first discovered by Aristotle.
20. Al-Gazali, Ibid.
21. The term "Oriental" is here used to refer to the philosophers of Baghdad as a whole (though of course they are different schools), because the contrast here is between the Occidental school of Muslim Spain and magrib and that of the Oriental of Baghdad.
22. Edmund L. Gettier : "Knowledge is not Justified True Belief....." Published in Analysis, vol. 26, (June 1963).
Published
2000-06-01
How to Cite
IMAM, Zakaria Bashir. Knowledge and Belief. Tafakkur, [S.l.], june 2000. ISSN 1858-5159. Available at: <http://journals.uofg.edu.sd/index.php/tfkr/article/view/1193>. Date accessed: 21 feb. 2019.