Effect of planting methods and drip irrigation intervals on onion (Allium cepa L.) yield under silt-loamy soil, Kassala State, Sudan

  • Ahmed Khalifa Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani, Sudan
  • Mohamed A. Algali2 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Irrigation, Kassala State, Kassala, Sudan
  • Adlan M. A. Adlan Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani, Sudan.
  • Ibtihal H. M. Hamed Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani, Sudan.
  • , Ali M. Ali Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani, Sudan
  • Ebtehag H. Babiker Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani, Sudan.
  • Shaker B. Ahmed Faculty of Agriculture, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan.
  • Lotfie A. Yousif Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani, Sudan.
  • Imad-eldin A. Ali Babiker Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani, Sudan.
  • Amir B. Saeed Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Shambat, Sudan
  • Mohamed A. Ali Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani, Sudan.
  • Lee Heng Soil and Water Management and Crop Nutrition Section, IAEA, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

The objective of this research work was to investigate the effects of planting methods and drip irrigation intervals on onion yield under silt-loamy soil. An experiment was conducted for two consecutive seasons (2014/15 and 2015/16). The experiment was composed of planting methods and drip irrigation intervals. The planting methods were flat, ridge and bed planting, whereas drip irrigation intervals were daily, every 3 days and every 5 days. The nine treatments were randomly laid out in a split-plot design with three replicates, the main plots were irrigation intervals and the subplots were allotted to planting methods. The calculated total water requirement for onion crop was 8113 and 7633 m3/ha in the first and second seasons, respectively. The results showed that the combination of flat planting and daily irrigation produced significantly the highest bulb weight (218.4g), marketable yield (43.8ton/ha) and highest total yield (46.6 ton/ha). The results revealed that flat planting and daily irrigation was the most economical combination for producing onion crop in Kassala state. 


 


        الهدف الرئيسي من هذه الدراسة هو دراسة تأثير طرق الزراعة وفترات الري بالتنقيط على نمو وانتاجية البصل تحت التربة الطميية في كسلا لموسمين متتاليين  ( 2014/15و(16/2015. تتكون التجربة من عاملين هما طريقة الزراعة وفترات الري بالتنقيط. طرق الزراعة هي احواض مسطحة، سراب وزراعة في مساطب، في حين كانت فترات الري بالتنقيط يوميا و3 أيام و 5 أيام. التسع معاملات وزعت عشوائيا في تصميم القطع المنشقة بثلاث مكررات، حيث وضعت فترات الري في الأحواض الرئيسية وطرق الزراعة في الأحواض الفرعية.  أظهرت النتائج أن طريقة الزراعة في احواض مسطحة مع الري اليومي اعطت أعلى وزن للبصلة مقارنة مع الزراعة في سراب ومساطب. تم الحصول على أعلى انتاجية تسويقية باستخدام الزراعة في احواض مسطحة والري اليومي. اثبتت النتائج ان الزراعة في احواض مسطحة والري بالتنقيط اليومي هي المعاملة الاقتصادية الاجدي لإنتاج محصول البصل في التربة الطميية في كسلا. وفقا للنتائج فإن أفضل طريقة لإنتاج البصل في كسلا هي باستخدام  الزراعة في احواض مسطحة والري اليومي.


 

References

Allen, R.G., L.S.Pereira., Raaes, and D.M. Smith. 1998. Crop Evapotranspiration. Guidelines for Computing Crop Water Requirement, FAO, Irrigation and Drainage, Paper 56. United Nations, Rome, Italy.
Arian, A. L., A. M. Khushk., A. F. Bloch and N. Ahmed. 2004. Growth and yielding behavior of onion in response to essential nutrients. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 18(1):51-54.
Bagali, A. N., H. B. Patil, M. B. Guled and R. V. Patil. 2012. Effect of scheduling of drip irrigation on growth, yield and water use efficiency. Karnataka Jouranl of Agricultural Sciences 25 (1): 116-119.
Choudhary, M. L. and U.S. Kadam. 2006. Micro-irrigation for cash crops.Westville Publishing House. New Delhi. India.
CIMMYT. 1988. From Agronomic Data to Farmer Recommendations: An Economics Training Manual. Completely revised edition, Mexico .D.F. ISBN 968-6-18-6
Drost, D. 2004. Onions in the Garden. Cooperative Extension Service, Utah State University.
Kanwar. M. S and P. I. Akbar. 2013. Effect of planting methods on performance of onion. International Quarterly Journal of Life Science 8(3): 911-913.
Khalifa, A. B. A. 2012. Comparison of Surface and Drip Irrigation Regimes for Banana (Musa AAA) cv. Grand Nain in Gezira, Sudan. M.Sc. Thesis, Agricultural Research Council. Sudan Academy of Sciences (SAS), Khartoum, Sudan.
Khalifa, A. B. A., M. A. Ali and A. Y. Yagoub. 2014a. Optimizing water productivity, yield and quality of grapefruit irrigated by bubbler and surface irrigation under Khartoum State conditions. The 56th Meeting of the National Crop Husbandry Committee, Agricultural Research Corporation. Wad Medani. Sudan.
Khalifa, A. B. A., M. A. Ali., A. Y. Yagoub., B. M. Ahmed and G. A. Elbaderi 2014b. Introduction of family drip system for improving livelihood of small-scale farmers, north Kassala. The 55th Meeting of the National Crop Husbandry Committee, Agricultural Research Corporation. Wad Medani. Sudan.
Khalifa, A. B., M. A. Ali., M. 1. Ibrahim., B. A. Shaker and O. Hassan. 2013. Comparison of surface and drip irrigation regimes for banana (Musa AAA) cv. Grand Nain in Gezira. The 54th Meeting of the National Crop Husbandry Committee, Agricultural Research Corporation. Wad Medani. Sudan.
Nourai, A. H., A. M. Huda and A. B. Khadiga. 2010. Effect of sowing dates and seed rates on seed yield and quality of the red onion variety (Saggai Improved) in Khartoum State. 48th Meetings of the National Crops Husbandry Committee. Agricultural Research Corporation. Wad Medani, Sudan.
Quadir, M., A. Boulton, J.Ekman, M. Hickey and R. Hoogers. 2005. Influence of drip irrigation on onion yield and quality. IREC Farmers’ Newsletter 170: 29-31, Australia.
R. A. U. W. V., Research Administration of Underground Water and Valleys. 2009. Annual Report, Kassala State, Kassala.
Sankar, V., A. Thangasamy and K. E. Lawande. 2015. Effect of drip irrigation on onion (Allium cepa L) seed production under Western Maharashtra conditions. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture 33(2): 621-625.
Published
2019-05-28
How to Cite
KHALIFA, Ahmed et al. Effect of planting methods and drip irrigation intervals on onion (Allium cepa L.) yield under silt-loamy soil, Kassala State, Sudan. Gezira Journal of Agricultural Science, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 1, may 2019. ISSN 1728-9556. Available at: <http://journals.uofg.edu.sd/index.php/gjas/article/view/1302>. Date accessed: 27 june 2019.
Section
Articles