Direct and residual effects of green and farmyard manures on wheat (Triticum aestivum L) yield in a desert plain soil, Northern State, Sudan

  • Imran A. Ahmed National Institute of Desert Studies(NIDS), University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan
  • Muawia E. Hamad Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan.
  • Habiballa A. Mohamed National Institute of Desert Studies(NIDS), University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan

Abstract

This study was conducted for four successive seasons during 2007 to 2011 in a desert plain soil to assess the direct and residual effects of green and farmyard manures on wheat yield components and total yield. Treatments consisted of green manure produced from green gram (Vigna radiate)  with two seed rates (0 kg ha-1 and 12 kg ha-1), and farmyard manure with two levels (0 ton ha-1 and 10 ton ha-1)  arranged in a split plot design with three replicates. For the study of the residual effects of green and farmyard  manures the treatments were fixed in the same plots of the first application of the manures, and land preparation was done manually lest to disturb the soil. The results showed that each of the investigated manures and their residuals significantly increased number of seeds per spike, 1000-seed weight, biological yield, and grain yield. According to their effectiveness in improving the yield components and increasing the yield of wheat and considering the direct effects, the interaction of green and farmyard manures came first followed by the farmyard manure and lastly the green manure treatment. The residues of the green manure treatment on the other hand produced higher yield than that of the  residues of the farmyard manure. The results also showed that the grain yield of wheat resulting from residual effects in the first year  was higher than that resulting from the primary application of manures. The residual effects in the second year resulted in lower grain yield than that of the first application of manures. It is recommended to apply organic manure every two years  to enhance the soil properties and productivity of the desert plain soil in northern Sudan.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 

References

Ageeb,O.A.A, A.B.Elahmadi, M.B. Solh and M.C. Saxena. 1995. Wheat production and improvement in the Sudan. Proceeding of the National Research Review Workshop, 27 – 30 August 1995, ARC, Wad Madani, Sudan.
Ahmed, I. A. 2017. Direct and Residual Effects of Green and Chicken Manures on Properties of Desert Plain Soils and Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Yield in the Northern State, Sudan. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan.
Awad Elkarim, E. E. and S. Babiker. 2005. Response of wheat to farmyard manure and nitrogen fertilization in high terrace soils. Annual Report of LWRC (2004/2005), ARC, Medani, Sudan.
Awad Elkarim, E. E. and I. D.Younis. 2008. Effects of farmyard manure, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on growth and productivity of wheat under New Hamdab conditions. A paper submitted to the Crop Husbandry Committee, December 2008, LWRC,ARC, Wed Medani, Sudan.
Brady, N.C. 1990. The Nature and Properties of Soils (6th Edition). MacMillan Publishing Company, New York.
Hornik,S.B. and J.F. Parr. 1987. Restoring the productivity of marginal soil wit organic amendments. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture. 2(2):64-68.
Ibrahim,H.S. 1990. Effects of different levels of fertilizers N and P application on yield and NP uptake by wheat under high terrace soil of the Northern Region of Sudan. Annual National Coordination Meeting, 27 -31 Sept. 1990, Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani, Sudan.
Khan, S. and S. K. Khalil.2014. Integrated use of organic and inorganic fertilizer in wheat and residual effect on subsequent mung bean. International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences. 3(8):835-844.
LWRC (Land and Water Research Centre).1999. Detailed soil survey and land suitability classification of Multaga Scheme. ARC, Wad Medani, Sudan.
Rasul,G; A.M. Ahmed and S. T. Ahmed,.2015. Influence of different organic fertilizers on growth and yield of wheat. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science, 15 (6): 1123-1126.
Sajjad,R.M., A. Subhani, R. Rafique, T. Hussain, W. Naseem, R. Bibi and S. N. Malik. 2018. Green manuring for moisture conservation and wheat yield improvement in rainfed agriculture. Journal of Natural Sciences Research
8(9):33-41.
Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
AHMED, Imran A.; HAMAD, Muawia E.; MOHAMED, Habiballa A.. Direct and residual effects of green and farmyard manures on wheat (Triticum aestivum L) yield in a desert plain soil, Northern State, Sudan. Gezira Journal of Agricultural Science, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 2, dec. 2019. ISSN 1728-9556. Available at: <http://journals.uofg.edu.sd/index.php/gjas/article/view/1377>. Date accessed: 01 oct. 2020.
Section
Articles