Economic performance of private and public sugar estates, Sudan, 1990-2008

Selwa Ahmed M. A. Elzebair, Mudather Ali Ahmed Ali Ahmed, Abbas Elsir M. Elamin


Local sugar production is considered an important import substitution strategy. The government policies encourage expansion in sugar production. As a result, many sugar estates are established under private and public systems. This study was aimed at assessing the economic efficiency of the sugar estates. Purposive sampling was used to select three sugar estates namely; Kenana as a private estate, Guneid as a public estate operated by tenants and Sennar as a public estate operated by direct labor. Secondary data from the records of these estates were  used to achieve  the stated objectives. Descriptive statistics, frequencies and benefit cost ratio were the main analytical tools used in this study. Results showed apparent increase in the cultivated area, yield and production of sugar during the last decade. Also, results showed that Kenana is attaining the  highest yield, relatively lower cost, highest revenues and the highest benefit cost ratio, indicating more efficiency in sugar production than Sennar  and Guneid  during the period (1990-2008).

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