Insight to the Role of Basic School Teachers in the Care of Diabetic Children, Omdurman Locality -2017

  • Nifal Siddig Ariss Zakaria 1. Paediatric registrar, 2. Mohammed A Hamid’s Pediatrics Hospital.Omdurman ,Sudan.
  • Wedad Alsheikh Mustafa 3. Associate professor- Departments of Pediatrics Faculty of Medicine University of Bahri.Khartoum ,Sudan. 2. Mohammed A Hamid’s Pediatrics Hospital.Omdurman ,Sudan
  • Omaima Abdelmajeed MS 4. Assistant professor- Departments of Pediatrics Faculty of Medicine Omdurman Islamic University. Omdurman ,Sudan, 2. Mohammed A Hamid’s Pediatrics Hospital.Omdurman ,Sudan.
  • Mahmoud Hassan 5. Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute and University of Basel, Socinstrasse 59, 4001 Basel CH.


Children with diabetes spend up to 8 hours a day in school, during which they require blood glucose monitoring, insulin administration and facilities to treat low blood glucose during the school day. The main objective of this study was to assess the role of basic school teachers regarding the care of diabetic children in the Omdurman locality.

This is a cross-sectional school based study in the Omdurman locality, 50 schools out of 169 were selected, and 371 teachers were included in the study from total number of 1658 teachers, using a multistage sampling. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection.

In this study, most of the participants were female teachers (70.4%) and aged between 30 and 60 years (77.9%); most of them were university graduates (76.5%) and they had average knowledge scores regarding DM (59.3%). The majority of the teachers knew the symptoms and signs of hypoglycemia (72.8%), but only (28%) of them had knowledge about symptoms and signs of hyperglycemia, with (54.4%) opting not to intervene and stabilize diabetic students in diabetic emergencies. Most of the schools have no qualified person(s) or clinic(s) to deal with a diabetic child (71.4%), (93%) of the teachers didn’t receive any specific training regarding the care of a diabetic child during school days, but teachers were willing to have relevant training and education (87.1%).

The knowledge about diabetes among school teachers in the Omdurman area was average, despite the lack of training programs. Moreover, regarding the current situation, most schools have no health personnel to deal with a diabetic student at school, collaboration between the Ministry of Health and Education is needed to increase awareness and education levels of school teachers regarding the care of a diabetic student is a must, in addition to the establishment school health clinics.


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How to Cite
ZAKARIA, Nifal Siddig Ariss et al. Insight to the Role of Basic School Teachers in the Care of Diabetic Children, Omdurman Locality -2017. Gezira Journal of Health Sciences, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 2, dec. 2019. ISSN 1810-5386. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 01 oct. 2020.