MOLLUSCICIDAL ACTIVITY OF CERTAIN SUDANESE MEDICINAL PLANTS USED IN FOLK – MEDICINE

  • El-Hadi M. M.Ahmed Faculty of Pharmacy, Uninversity of Gezira,Medani.
  • Hassan Elsubki Medicinal and Aromatic Herbs Research Institute, the National Nouncil for Research, Khartoum.
  • Yousif Gamar Faculty of Pharmacy, Uninversity of Gezira,Medani

Abstract

Objectives: In view of the promising potential of plant molluscicides, 10 plants indigenous to Sudan and of common use in Sudanese folk-medicine, were screened for their molluscicidal activity, using two local snail vectors, Bulinus truncates and Biomphalaria pfeifferi.


Results: At different concentrations up to 500 ppm., seven plant samples were found to be lethal to both of the snail species. The pet. ether/CHCH3 (1:1) extracts of 6 plants were lethal as molluscicidal agents while only two plants showed 100% mortality to the snails as methanol extracts.


The two most active plants that killed both snail hosts ( ≤ 50 ppm.), were obtained from the whole plant of Ambrosia maritimae (Asteraceae) and the fruits of Croton zambesicus (Euphorbiaceae). These two plants when phytochemically screened for their active constituents, they showed the presence of sterols and cardenolides.


Conclusion: Vegetable molluscicides can be grown and can be used by communities in endemic areas to combat schistosomiasis

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Published
2005-01-01
How to Cite
M.AHMED, El-Hadi M.; ELSUBKI, Hassan; GAMAR, Yousif. MOLLUSCICIDAL ACTIVITY OF CERTAIN SUDANESE MEDICINAL PLANTS USED IN FOLK – MEDICINE. Gezira Journal of Health Sciences, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, jan. 2005. ISSN 1810-5386. Available at: <http://journals.uofg.edu.sd/index.php/gjhs/article/view/178>. Date accessed: 25 june 2019.
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