The Effect of Various Plant Products on Mosquitoes Larvae Anopheles arabiensis and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae)

  • Mutaman A. A. Kehail Associate Prof., Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Gezira
  • Abdalla I. Abdalla Assistant Prof., Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, University of Gezira

Abstract

This research aimed to study the larvicidal potentialities of three different local poisonous plants: ward elhameer N, ushar U and castor oil R (using different parts) leaves L, flowers F and seed S) against two important species of mosquitoes (Anopheles arabiensis and Culex quinquefasciatus), by using two different methods of application (powder P and aqueous extract aq-ex). The standard methods of WHO for rearing and assessment of mosquitos’ susceptibility were carefully followed. The results revealed that, for Anopheles larvae, and according to the LD50 values, the products can be ranked from the more potent toward the least potent ones as follows:   RS, NL, UL, NF and lastly UF. The potentiality arrangement for Culex larvae are as follows: RS, UL, NL, NF and lastly UF

References

1. A1. Abbott, W. S. (1925). A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticides. J Econ. Entomol., 18: 265-267.
2. Abdalla, M. E.; Khitma, H. E. and Faysal, S. A. (2009). Efficacy of leaves extract of Calotropis procera Ait. (Asclepiadaceae) in controlling Anopheles arabiensis and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes. Saudi J. Biol. Sci., 16(2): 95–100.
3. Abde Karim, A. A.; Haridi, M. A. and El Rayeh, A. (1985). The environmental impact of four insecticides on non-target organisms in the Gezira IrrigationScheme Canals of Sudan. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 88(2): 161-168.
4. Al, Y. M. A. and F. A. H., Al (2000). Preliminary toxicity study on the individual and combined effects of Citrullus colocynthis and Nerium oleander in rats. Fitoterapia, 71(4): 385-391.
5. Alonso, E. C. and Santos, D. Y. (2013). Ricinus communis and Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae) seed oil toxicity against Atta sexdens rubropilosa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Econ. Entomol., 106(2):742-746.
6. AOAD (1988). Medicinal, Aromatic and poisonous plants in the Arab World. Khartoum,.
7. Bagari, M.; Bouhaimi, A.; Ghaout, S and Chihrane, J. (2013). The toxic effects of Nerium oleander on larvae of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria (Forskål, 1775) (Ortoptera, Acrididae). Zool. baetica, 24: 193-203.
8. Balbaa, S. I. (1978). Medicinal plant constituents. 2nd edn., General agency for University and School Books.
9. Begu N.; Sharma, B. and Pandey, R. S. (2011). Evaluation of Insecticidal Efficacy of Calotropis Procera and Annona Squamosa Ethanol Extracts Against Musca Domestica. J. Biofertil. Biopestici., 1:101. doi:10.4172/2155-6202.1000101
10. Brown, A. W. A. (1986). Insecticides resistance in some mosquitoes. A pragmatic review. J. Am. Mosq. Cont. Assoc., 2(2): 123-140.
11. Chouhan, B. S.; Gupta, I. L. A. and Rather, C. S. (1992). Calotropis injure to eye. AfroAsian J. Ophthal., 10(4): 124-125.
12. El Safi, S. H. and Haridi, A. M. (1986). Field trail of the IGR, dimilin, for control of Anopheles pharoensis in Gezira, Sudan. J. Am. Mosq. Cont. Assoc., 2(3): 374-375.
13. El Safi, S.H. (1994). The uses of deltamethrin impregnated mosquito nets for malaria control in Gezira Irrigated Area. Proc. Water-borne diseases, Wad Medani, Sudan, Jan. 1994.
14. Fouad E.; Raja, G.; Yassine, E. Z. and Abdelhakim, E. L. (2015). Larvicidal Activity of Nerium oleander against Larvae West Nile Vector Mosquito Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Parasitology Research, (2015), Article ID 943060, 5 pages.
15. Holfelder, M. G. A. H.; Steck, M.; Komor, E. and Seifert, K. (1998). Ricinine in phloem sap of Ricinus communis. Phytochem., 47(8): 1461-1463.
16. Joshi, P. (1993). Tribal remedian against snake-bites and scorpion stings in Rajasthan. Res. Med. Plant, 10(part 1): 23-30.
17. Kehail, M. A. A. (2004). Larvicidal potentialities of 20 different plants from Wad Medani against Anopheles arabiensis and Culex quinquefasciatus. Ph.D. thesis, U. of Gezira.
18. Moon, Y.H. and Y., Park (1994). Toxicological evaluation of Nerium oleander on isolated preparations. Korean J. Pharm., 25 (3): 258-263.
19. Qureshi, S. A.; Zahoor, S. and Misra, M. (1997). The occurrence of tumor inhibiting compounds in plants. Hamdar Medicus, 40 (3): 31-35.
20. Rashan, L. J. and Al-Allaf, T. A. K. (1997). Multiple herbal therapy: A new approach into cancer treatment 1. Some in vitro and in vivo studies. Phytomedicine, 3(1): 43.
21. Rizzardo, R. A.; Milfont, M. O.; Silva, E. M. and Freitas, B. M. (2012). Apis mellifera pollination improves agronomic productivity of anemophilous castor bean (Ricinus communis). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 84 (4): 1137–45.
22. Sabina, W. W.; Sabar, O.; Julia, W. J.; Martin, W.; Hans, T. A.; David, R. S.; Daniel, K. M. and Baldwyn, T. (2014). Toxicity of six plant extracts and two pyridone alkaloids from Ricinus communis against the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. Parasit. Vectors. 2014; 7: 312.
23. Shaurub, H. E. and Ghada, M. E. (2016). Larvicidal, Biological and Genotoxic Effects, and Temperature-Toxicity Relationship of Some Leaf Extracts of Nerium oleander (Apocynaceae) on Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Arthropod Borne Dis., 10(1): 1–11.
24. White, G. B. (1974). A. gambiae complex and diseases transmission in Africa. Tran. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 68: 278-301
25. White, G. B. (1989). Mosquito-borne virus diseases. WHO/VBC/89.967: 2-23.
26. White, G.B. (1991). Medical entomology: Mosquitoes: 1404-1434 in: Manson P.E.C. and D.R., Bell (ed.) Manson’s Tropical Diseases, 19-edn, London.
27. WHO (1980). Resistance of vector of diseases to pesticides. Tech. Rep., 655, Geneva.
Published
2016-12-01
How to Cite
A. KEHAIL, Mutaman A.; ABDALLA, Abdalla I.. The Effect of Various Plant Products on Mosquitoes Larvae Anopheles arabiensis and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Gezira Journal of Health Sciences, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 2, dec. 2016. ISSN 1810-5386. Available at: <http://journals.uofg.edu.sd/index.php/gjhs/article/view/428>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2019.
Section
Articles